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Harvard Referencing System Bibliography Website Listing

The format for creating a Harvard reference for a website or YouTube video is:

AUTHOR(S), Year of publication or last update. Title of page [viewed date]. Available from: URL

In text references:
In the video from Southampton Solent (2014), it is evident that...

Sudworth (2012) has described how...


No page number is given because this comes from an online source that doesn't include them.

Reference list examples:

SOUTHAMPTON SOLENT, 2014.  Southampton Solent University new build animation [viewed 28 July 2015].  Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yQJDLiP-GyY

SUDWORTH, J., 2012. China's students take on tough Gaokao university entrance exam [viewed 8th June 2012]. Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-18349873

Websites with missing details

Some websites don't provide all the details you may need - include as much information as you can. If no author is given, use the provider of the website as the author (this may be the name of a University, a company, a newspaper, or just the website name).

In text reference:

This approach has been outlined by Deakin University (2010)...

Reference list example:

DEAKIN UNIVERSITY, 2010. The literature review [viewed 6 May 2008]. Available from: http://www.deakin.edu.au/library/findout/research/litrev.php

Often the date that the website was published is not available. You may find at the bottom of the page a note of when it was last updated – give this as the date.  If no date is provided then you should put n.d.

To cite a news article from an electronic database

In text

If the article has a named author:

(Pianin 2001)

List of references

Pianin, E 2001, 'As coal's fortunes climb, mountains tremble in W.Va; energy policy is transforming lives', The Washington Post,  25 February, p. A03, accessed March 2001 from Electric Library Australasia.

Include the following information:

  • author (if available)
  • year of publication
  • article title (between single quotation marks)
  • newspaper title (in italics)
  • date of article (day, month, page number—if given—and any additional information available)
  • accessed day month year (the date you accessed the items)
  • from name of database
  • item number (if given)


To cite a news article without a named author

In text

No named author:

(New York Daily Times1830) 

The article can also be discussed in the body of the paragraph:

An account of the popularity of the baby tapir in The Independent (2013) stated that ...

List of references

If there is no named author, list the article title first.

‘Amending the Constitution’, New York Daily Times, 16 October 1851, p. 2, accessed 15 July 2007 from ProQuest Historical Newspapers database.

'Baby tapir wins hearts at zoo', The Independent, 9 August 2013, Accessed 25 January 2014, .

Baby tapir wins hearts at zoo

Baby tapir wins hearts at zoo


To cite an online news article

In text

Cite the author name and year:

(Coorey 2007)

List of references

Coorey, P 2007, ‘Costello hints at green safety net’, Sydney Morning Herald, 10 May, accessed 14 May 2012, . 

While a URL for the article should be included, if it is very long (more than two lines) or unfixed (from a search engine), only include the publication URL:

Holmes, L 2017, 'The woman making a living out of pretending to be Kylie Minogue', The Daily Telegraph, 23 April, accessed 22 May 2017, .

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