Unification Of Germany Essays Online
Unification of Italy and Germany Essay
592 Words3 Pages
Unification of Italy and Germany
By 1871 both the kingdom of Italy and the empire of Germany were united. Even though both countries used popular trends to that time, both liberalism and nationalism, the process unifying these two countries was very different. The end result was Germany emerging as a strong nation and Italy appropriately, the weaker.
Italy’s problems started with the fact that it didn’t have one main ruler, but two people and a concept, resulting in a different approach to the unification. Gulseppe Mazzini had a radical program focusing on a centralized democratic republic based on universal suffrage and the will of the people. Vincenzo Gioberti, who was a catholic priest called for a federation of existing states…show more content…
Therefore, they strategically persuaded European powers to fight against Austria…Italy provoked Austria into war Cavour then used Garibaldi’s popular appeal to his benefit. “When Garibaldi and Emmanuel rode through Naples to cheering crowds, they symbolically sealed the union of north and south, of monarch and people.” (McKay, 837) Italy was now unified.
Despite the fact that Italy was unified, it wasn’t as nearly as strong as Germany was becoming. Bismarck joined both authoritarianism and nationalism to increase Prussia’s power. He was a very clever diplomat and used whatever means possible to work towards his goal. Bismarck’s Realpolitiks, the pursuing of realistic goals by any available method instead of the pursuit of an ideology. Bismarck never wanted to have enemies for long and hoped to pacify the Liberals with foreign policy achievement, notably the unification of Germany. He wanted to exclude Austria from the unification process. This led to the Austria-Prussian and Franco-Prussian wars. His plan was successful. Even with the fact south German states were reluctant to join in his unification because of strong religious and political traditions. After the overpowering of France in 1871 the southern states finally joined. This was the defeat the brought them together.
Prussia had become the most powerful state in Europe. “Most German’s were enormously proud, enormously relieved. And they
German Unification Essays
1334 Words6 Pages
German Unification It would be impossible to tell the story of German Unification without giving Bismarck's role due prominence. Between 1862 and 1871 the map of Germany was altered radically, and Bismarck played a key role in the events, which led to the foundation of the new Reich, but his success was due to a combination of factors, not simply his own skill and genius as a politician.
Bismarck was a Junker landowner who first made his mark in Prussian politics as a reactionary defender of the status quo, when he was elected to the united diet in 1847. During 1848-9 he gained his reputation as a defender…show more content…
During the 1850s Bismarck served the Prussian state as its representative at the Confederation Diet and later as ambassador to Russia. After the Prussian attempt to establish the Erfurt Union and the humiliation of Olmutz, relations between Prussia and Austria were severely strained. The Austrians abandoned the policy of close co-operation with Prussia and opted to reassert their predominance in Germany. Bismarck's response was to adopt an aggressive policy of obstructionism towards the Austrians in an attempt to force them to treat Prussia as an equal. When he was appointed minister president of Prussian in 1862 it was not his policies which were his main qualification for the job so much as his reputation as a strong man who was capable of defying the opposition.
When he took over control of Prussian foreign policy in 1862, there was no dramatic change of direction. His policies of challenging Austria, and to establish friendly relations with France and Russia, had been pursued by his predecessor. His first year in office was a failure. His intervention in the polish revolt in an attempt to cultivate Russia's friendship, only served to antagonise the Russian. Relations with Austria were already strained when Bismarck took office and he made the rift even deeper by thwarting